Castor oil plant

Title Info
Common name Castor Oil Plant
Scientific name Ricinus communis
Taxonomic group Euphorbiaceae
Source Dan L. Perlman
Economic botany Food plants; Industrial products
Food plants Oils

Castor plant. The oil of this plant is used especially in industrial applications as an ingredient of paint, varnish, waxes, and polishes. This plant is also used in folk medicine, although it contains ricin, a very powerful toxin that can kill. Originally from Africa, the Egyptians grew this plant 6,000 years ago.